DDD can affect any part of the spine, although common sites of the lumbar spine (lower back) and cervical (neck) spine, thoracic DDD is very rare. The back or neck pain is usually manageable with various conservative treatment options, such as surgical and nonsurgical.

Non-surgical treatment:

Intervertebral Disc

For acute pain in the neck or sudden, doctors prescribe medicines for pain relief such as paracetamol, anti-inflammatories and muscle relaxants. Bed rest or a temporary terminal can alsoproposed. Usually, patients are encouraged to stand up and gradually increase their activities of daily living.

Surgical and nonsurgical treatment of degenerative disc disease (DDD)

Physical therapy is often required and includes stretching exercises to improve flexibility and stretching exercises to maintain the natural curve of your spine. Therapy warm / cold and gentle massage can also be useful for neck pain. After the regression of the acute symptoms (usually within two or three weeks), patients are asked to start a daily exercise program. This caninclude low-impact aerobics three times a week and the exercises of the neck every day.

Injections, steroid injections around the nerves exit the spinal cord may be able to relieve some pain.

Intradiscal electrothermal therapy: intradiscal electrothermal therapy, or IDET, inserting a small catheter with a heated tip on the disk. The heat causes a reduction of the hard drive and dampens the hard drive is the nerve endings. This is still not universally accepted.


Patients suffering from herniated disk failed, disc or degenerative disc disease, and have failed conservative therapy are often treated with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. A spondylolisthesis and anterior cervical fusion is the gold standard of treatment.

Cervical anterior discectomy and artificial cervical disc:

This process reaches the cervical spine (neck) through a small incision in the front of the neck. The intervertebral disc is removed andreplaced with a small plug of bone or other graft replaced, and in time will merge the vertebrae. During cervical discectomy and fusion anterior remains the gold standard for treating cervical disc herniation and degenerative diseases of the cervical spine, the use of motion sparing techniques such as artificial disc positioning around the world are under investigation.

Cervical corpectomy:

This procedure removes a part of the vertebra and adjacent intervertebral discs, theallows decompression of the spinal cord and spinal nerves. A bone graft, stabilized and in some cases, a metal plate and screws, the vertebral column.

Surgical and nonsurgical treatment of degenerative disc disease (DDD)

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